Pehea e kāpae ai i kahi polokalamu ma Ubuntu

Ubuntu

Inā mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana iā Linux, pono mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana iā Ubuntu, ka hoʻolaha Linux makemake nui ʻia. ʻO ka nui o nā distros i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ubuntu, no laila, nā kaʻina hana e hana ai i nā hana, e like me ka hoʻohemo ʻana i nā noi, like like ia, kahi hana maʻalahi loa e hana.

Inā mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā hoʻolaha Linux, pono mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā koho hoihoi ʻē aʻe e like me ʻO Debian, Fedora, Kali Mint o CentOS e inoa i ka mea i makemake nui ʻia. Loaʻa pinepine nā distos Linux i nā mana ʻelua: laina kauoha (ʻaʻohe kiʻi kiʻi) a me ka mana ʻoneki (me kahi ʻōnaehana like ʻo Windows).

Nānā 'ole o kona mau', e hōʻike mākou iā 'oe ma lalo ʻelua mau hana e wehe i nā polokalamu ma Ubuntu.

Wehe i kahi papahana ma Ubuntu

E like me kaʻu i ʻōlelo ai ma luna, ʻo Ubuntu (ma kahi o Linux), kau i kā mākou hana ʻelua mau kikowaena e ʻae iā mākou e launa pū me ka ʻōnaehana hana: laina kauoha a me ka pakuhi. Inā ʻoe i hoʻohana mau i ka macOS no nā makahiki, ʻike ʻoe i ka nui o nā kauoha i loaʻa, hoʻokumu ʻia ka ʻōnaehana ʻōnaehana Apple no nā ʻoneki (ma kahi ʻāpana) ma Unix, like like a like like paha.

E hoʻi nā kumu o Unix i nā 70 mau mua, kahi ʻōnaehana i kākau piha ʻia i ka ʻōlelo C i pili i ka AT & T operator, nāna i kūʻai aku i nā laikini i nā kula nui a ma hope iki i ka lehulehu. ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻololi i ka pāʻālua no ka mea ʻaʻole ia ʻo Open Source, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ia i pale i nā mana ʻokoʻa mai ka puka ʻana, me Free BSD ka mea kaulana loa.

Ua hoʻomaka ʻo Linux i kāna huakaʻi i ka makahiki 1983 e ka lima o Robert Stallman (ʻoiai ʻAʻole ia i lilo i mea kaulana a hiki i ka 90 mau mua e ka lima o Linus Torvalds), hoʻokumu wale ʻia i ka hana a Unix, ʻaʻole loa ma kāna code me ka pahuhopu o ke kūkulu ʻana i kahi ʻōnaehana e like me Unix i hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia me ka manuahi. Hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Linux, ma kahi ʻāpana, ma MINIX, kahi ʻano ʻē o Unix, ʻoiai ua kākau ʻia kāna mau code āpau mai ka ʻōpala.

ʻO kekahi ʻokoʻa ma waena o Unix a me Linux ʻo ia ia Hoʻonohonoho ʻia ʻo Unix e hoʻohana i nā kikowaena, Linux ua manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohana ʻia ma nā kamepiula pilikino, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka mana ma mua o nā kikowaena kahi e hoʻohana ai ʻo Unix. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo Linux ka ʻōnaehana hana i hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa ma nā hāmeʻa uila e like me NAS, nā kāmela nānā a hiki i kekahi mau kelepona paʻalima.

Me nā kiʻi kiʻi (ʻoneki)

e hoʻoneʻe i nā noi ubuntu me ke kiʻi kiʻi

  • ʻO ka mea mua a mākou e hana ai ke komo i ka Lunahoʻohana Polokalamu o Pūnaewele Polokalamu (He inoa ʻokoʻa ko kēlā me kēia distro Linux).
  • A laila, ʻimi mākou i ka papahana a mākou e makemake ai e hemo a koho i ka ʻaoʻao Kau ʻia / hoʻouka.
  • A laila, koho mākou i ka noi e makemake mākou e hoʻopau a kaomi ma ke pihi Wehe / hemo.

Me ka laina kauoha

wehe i nā noi laina kauoha Ubuntu

E hoʻokō i kēia kaʻina, pono mākou e ʻike i ka inoa o ka noi makemake mākou e hoʻopau, ʻoiai mākou e kākau iā ia e like me ka mea i hōʻike ʻia ma kā mākou kamepiula. Ke ʻike mākou i kēlā ʻikepili, hoʻomau mākou i kēia.

  • ʻO ka mea mua, wehe mākou i ka console kauoha ma o ka hoʻohui kī ʻana Kāohi + Alt + D.
  • A laila kākau mākou
    • apt-get –wehe wehe i ka inoa inoa polokalamu
  • kaomi mākou Enter a kākau mākou i ka ʻōlelo huna a ka luna a kaomi mākou komo hou.

Pehea e hoʻouka ai i nā polokalamu i Ubuntu

e hoʻouka i nā polokalamu ma Ubuntu

Me nā kiʻi kiʻi (ʻoneki)

Inā hoʻohana ka mana Ubuntu (a i ʻole Linux distro ʻē aʻe) i ka mana o ka papakaumaka, ke kaʻina hana e hoʻouka i kahi noi ua like ia me Windows a me macOS. Pono mākou e hoʻoiho mua i ka faila me kahi extension .dev a kaomi i ka noi e hoʻomaka i ke kaʻina hoʻonohonoho.

Me ka laina kauoha

Ma o ka laina kauoha, hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokomo i kekahi noi ma Ubuntu ma o ke kauoha:

    • apt-get install program-name (me ka .dev hoʻolōʻihi).

Ke hoʻohana nei i ke ala laina kauoha, e pani i ka huaʻōlelo wehe (hoʻohana ʻia e uninstall i nā polokalamu) me ka hoʻouka.

ʻO nā noi ʻoi loa no Linux

e hoʻouka i nā polokalamu ma Ubuntu

ʻOiai he nui nā noi komo i ka hāʻawi ʻana i nā mana no Windows a me macOS, i loaʻa no LinuxMa loko o kēia ʻōnaehana hana mākou i kā mākou hoʻolilo i kahi nui o nā koho i loaʻa iki a i ʻole mea e lili i nā ʻōnaehana hana ʻē aʻe.

Nā polokalamu multimedia no Linux

'O VLC

  • 'O VLC. ʻAe ka mea pāʻani VLC iā mākou pāʻani i kekahi ʻano o nā ʻike multimedia hiki i kā mākou hui, me ka ʻole o ka hoʻouka ʻana i kekahi codec.
  • Kodi. He wehe lako polokalamu hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni home mana i ka leʻaleʻa home a kūlike me nā hāmeʻa. He mea hana ia e hoʻonohonoho a ʻae iā mākou e pāʻani nui i nā wikiō a me nā mele a mākou i mālama ai ma kā mākou kamepiula, ʻoiai e hāʻawi ʻia iā mākou i ke komo i nā lawelawe ʻōhumu.
  • ʻO ke kuhi. Inā ʻoe e ʻimi nei i kahi noi i hoʻopaʻa a hoʻoponopono i nā leo i ka mana kikohoʻe, ʻAʻole ʻoe e ʻike i kahi polokalamuʻoi aʻe ma mua o kēia.
  • ʻO XMMS. Inā he mea āu e makemake ai ʻo rpāʻani i nā faile leo I kekahi ʻano, ʻo ka noi āu e pono ai a e hālāwai me kāu mau pono āpau ʻo XMMS.

Nā noi hoʻoponopono / kiʻi ʻana no Linux

ʻO GIMP

  • ʻO GIMP. E like me VLC ka mea hana ʻoihana multimedia ʻoi loa, inā mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka hoʻoponopono kiʻi, pono mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana iā GIMP, ʻo ka koho kūʻokoʻa loa ʻoi loa i Photoshop A ʻo ia me ka hoʻohui, hiki ke loaʻa no ka Windows a me ka macOS.
  • Inkscape ʻae iā mākou hana i nā kiʻi paʻi kiʻi wikiwiki, maʻalahi a me ka uku ʻole.

Nā polokalamu hana no Linux

Nā polokalamu LibreOffice

  • Hoʻoponopono PDF, Inā hana mau ʻoe me Faila PDF, ʻo ka palapala noi āu e pono ai ma kāu kamepiula ʻo PDFEdit, kahi noi e ʻae iā mākou e hana i kekahi ʻano hana me kēia ʻano faila Adobe.
  • ʻO Caliber. ʻO Caliber kahi mea heluhelu puke e-puke maikaʻi loa hana maʻalahi me nā ʻano hana e-puke.
  • Evince. ʻO Evince a Mea nānā palapala PDF a me PostScript e hiki ai iā mākou ke wehe koke i kēia palapala.
  • Manaʻo Kūpono. Inā mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā polokalamu manuahi a ʻoi loa ʻo Linux, pono mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i LibreOffice ke hiki mai e hana i kekahi palapala, e like me ka spreadsheets, hōkeoʻikepili, hōʻikeʻike… ʻO ka koho ʻoi loa i Microsoft Office no Windows ʻo LibreOffice.
  • ʻO NeoFetch. ʻO NeoFetch kahi mea hana e hāʻawi i ka ʻike āpau e pili ana i kahi ʻōnaehana e like me ka mana o ka ʻoneki, ka mana o ka kernel, ka mana bash, a me ke kumuhana GTK e holo nei ma ka ʻōnaehana.
  • ʻO VMWare. Kūpono ʻo VMWare no ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā ʻōnaehana hana he nui nā mīkini uila me ka pono ʻole e hana i nā pākuʻi hou aʻe.
  • Ka Papa Manaʻo. Hāʻawi kēia noi virtualization iā mākou e holo i nā ʻōnaehana ʻē aʻe, me Windows ma kahi mīkini Linux-hoʻomalu ʻia.
  • Mozilla Thunderbird. Inā ʻoe e ʻimi ana i 'alemanaka a me ka polokalamu leka uila no Linux, pono ʻoe e hoʻāʻo iā Mozilla Thunderbird, kahi kalena e hiki ai hoʻi iā mākou ke hoʻokele i nā hana. Loaʻa kēia polokalamu no Windows a me macOS.
  • Ka wehewehe. He hamama kumuwaiwai PC optimizer a noi noi no Linux. He mea hana maikaʻi loa ia na mālama i nā kumuwaiwai ʻōnaehana a me ka nānā i kāu hana.
  • mahu. Inā makemake ʻoe e hauʻoli i nā pāʻani ma kāu kamepiula Linux, mahalo i ka paepae Steam hiki iā ʻoe ke hana me ka pilikia ʻole.

Manaʻo wau ʻaʻole pono ʻoe e hoʻomanaʻo i kēlā manuahi kēia mau polokalamu āpau, mahalo i ke ʻano a me ke kumu i hoʻokumu ʻia ai ʻo Linux.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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